In the original article in Inglés by Timothy Keller.
What drives the heart
An example of a problem That Can refer to a secular audience dishonesty. How does the gospel to this problem and how it works in real life?
Jonathan Edwards Identified two kinds of moral behavior: "common virtue" and "real virtue." The common virtue of honesty can be Achieved from fear , Either to society ("If I lie You catch me and I will be exposed") or religious ("If you're not honest God will punish you"). Also It can be grown from pride , que again May be Cultural ("Do not be like that awful dishonest people") or religious ("Do not be like Those sinners know a holy and decent person").
Under no Circumstances Edwards tries despise the common virtue. In fact, I factotum factotum factotum believes in the "splendor of the common morality" as the primary way in Which God restrains evil in the world. However, there is a deep stress in the core of the common virtue, Because if Both fear and pride are the motivations of a person to be honest, But Also the fear and pride the root of lying and cheating, it's just matter of time before moral foundation to collapse fragility.
THEREFORE, the common virtue has done nothing to eradicate the Underlying causes of evil, has restrained the heart but has not changed. And this "makeshift patch" the heart Creates a rather fragile condition. In fact, all the sermons and moral training You have received in your life, you were actually nourish the moral roots of sin in your life. This is true Whether you grew up with liberal or conservative values. The roots of evil Were well protected under a streak of moral progress.
So what is the sign of honesty as a "real virtue"? Is Commitment to truth and honesty porque benefits you or not makes you feel better, but because they're in love with the beauty of God's truth, sincerity and faithfulness. That's When you get to love the truth, not for your own sake but for the sake of God and even for its own sake. True honesty grows When you see dying for you, keeping a promise I had made it DESPITE the infinite suffering Caused him. This kind of virtue destroys pride (Jesus had to die for me!) And fear (Jesus infinitely valued me, and nothing I can do will change That Commitment with me). In this way my heart not only restrained but rather its basic orientation is Transformed.
The sin behind without
Behind all our sins behavior lies a basic denial to rest in Christ's salvation. According To Martin Luther
All those who do not trust God at all times, and do not trust their Behalf, grace and good will, but seek his Behalf in other things or in Themselves, do not keep the [First] Commandment, and actual practice, even idolatry If They Followed the words of all the other commandments ... combined.
And This commandment is the first, top and best, from Which all others eat that exist and Which are Measured and managed, and Also Serves, ie, faith or trust in God's behalf in all time, the first thing is first, the higher and better, That all others must proceed, exist, REMAIN, be directed and Measured.
That Luther says if we obey the law without a belief That info info info we have Already been accepted and loved in Christ, then all our good works we are actually looking for more Than That Jesus is the real source of our consciousness and happiness. We can be confident in our good parenting, moral justice, spiritual achievement or service acts as our true "saviors" functional. If you're still not sure That God loves in Christ, we are we looking for something else to meet our ideas, ideas, ideas importance and dignity. That is why Luther says we are Committing idolatry if we do not trust in Christ alone for our approval.
The first commandment is essential to all other commandments. No we break the other nine commandments without first breaking in some way, to serve something or someone other than God. Every no is rooted in the excessive greed of Something That comes by trusting That instead of trusting in Christ for our righteousness or salvation. Because We Are not we looking for something to give us what only Jesus can give. Underneath all without the owners in Generally not of rejecting Christ's salvation and try to reach our own salvation is.
The Gospel vs. moralism
Thomas Chalmers wrote:
The best way to rid ourselves of an impure affection is to admit to puree ... It is only when, as in the Gospel, acceptance is it Considered a gift, without money and without price, That Which security man feels in God is Placed beyond the reach of Alterations. Only then can we rest in Him as a friend lies on the other ... The only way to dispossess the heart of an old affection is by the expulsive power of a new one.
Before understanding the premise of the heart's affections and the power of preaching to uproot and reorient our affections, my sermons Followed this pattern:
1 - This is what the text says
2 - This is how we live in light of what the text says Should
3 - Now, go and live That Way, and God will help you.
I came over to Realize That time I was doing exactly what Edwards said it would not work. I was hoping That the pride provoke fear and obedience to God. While I was doing it unconsciously and Indirectly, I was preaching using to deceive the heart rather than to redirect.
I have not eaten to not not realize that my sermons had to follow a different sketch:
1 - This is what the text says
2 - This is how we live Should text in light of the
3 - But I just can not do
4 - Ah, but there is One That Could!
5 - Now, through faith in Him, you can begin to live This Way.
In almost all scriptures found a moral principle, shown through the character of God or Christ, is displayed in good or bad examples of biblical characters or Given in the form of commands, promises and warnings are explicit. This moral principle is important and Should be drawn clearly. But crises is then created in the audience When They not not not realize that this moral principle Brings them insurmountable problems. Described in my sermons I How this moral and practical obligation is unenforceable. Listeners are guided to an apparent dead end, but then there is a hidden door opens and the light enters. Our sermons must show how the person and work of Jesus Christ are related to the topic. First we show our Inability to live as Arises That We Should forget or reject the work of Christ. We then show That only to repent and rejoice in Christ, we can live as we should.
Here are some examples. Say we want to use the text acerca David and Jonathan in 1 Samuel 18-20 for talking about friendship. We can describe two marks of a true friendship friends always let you into Their Lives and never let you down. Friends are transparent and open with each other, and are Committed to serving the needs of others.
If you finish your sermon saying, "Now go and do the the the likewise," you've Preached a sermon moralist and unrealistic. You have not unmasked the obstacles of true friendship: fear (vulnerability) and pride (selfishness or inferiority). Those sins rooted in my heart make me a bad friend or hinder me make and keep friends.
So how can I Overcome These deep sins and Become a true friend? Only by seeing Jesus as the ultimate friend (John 15:12-14) and looking at the cross, the ultimate act of friendship. Jesus "let us in". Can you be more vulnerable than When I did it? His arms are open to us. Open to us Were nailed. Until you see and Understand This supreme act of friendship will never be a friend to others. Only the cross can give you the confidence to be open and vulnerable to others, But Also the humility to serve them instead of your selfish desires.
Or take for example the text of 2 Samuel acerca King David and Bathsheba. We can learn from the passage about the dangers Easily sexual temptation or seduction of moralizing acerca physical beauty, and relate to the culture in Which We live today. Pornography, adultery and eating disorders can be related to the risk of making an idol of beauty. But how we do End This kind of sermon: "Go and be careful"? This call May be technically correct, but not very acceptable to say.
Instead, you can start with the moral principle but a few more steps forward:
+ How should we live . The power of physical beauty for us has to be broken. Look at the devastation That Occurs in our society and in our lives. The excessive focus on image and beauty distorts the view of women Themselves and demoralizes people get older. Sabotage to estafándolos men with the notion of great prospects for a wife, que are overlooked by Reasons surface, as well as lead them to replace current relationships with pornography. What can we do? Do not judge a book by its cover. Avoid pornography. Focus on the beauty of the character of others rather than Their physical features.
+ But you can not . You know as well as I That is not possible. First, we want to cover our own physical beauty sense of shame and inadequacy. Second, we fear our mortality and death. Evolutionary biologists and Christians agree That the desire for physical beauty is the desire of youth, and Their Control over us is so great that never Overcome our problem simply trying harder.
+ But there is One That Could . There was one That was beautifully pristine and perfect, enthroned in heaven, and still had all the available surrender everything to take the "nature of a servant" (Philippians 2). He was ugly, "despised and rejected" (Isaiah 53) That We Might Be beautiful to look at God and get the unique beauty That really endure (Colossians 1:22, Ephesians 5:27).
+ Only now we can change . Only when we see what Jesus did for us, our hearts melted and released from the belief That we can judge a book by its cover. Only when we embrace the beauty of eternity With Him we can be free of our fear of mortality.